Pre-Kindergarten Mathematics
Unit 3
Shapes, Patterns, and Positional Language

Printable Parent Letter

 

Students need to:

  • Name, recognize and use the attributes of plane geometric figures (i.e. describe shapes by number of sides and/or corners)Review comparing and describing of two-dimensional figures (circle, triangles, squares)
  • Match triangles, circles, rectangles and squares
  • Identify triangles, circles, rectangles and squares in the environment
  • Compare three-dimensional figures with real world objects.
  • Compare and describe attributes of three-dimensional figures such as cones, cubes, cylinders, and spheres
  • Compose and describe structures using three-dimensional shapes. Descriptions may include shape attributes, relative position (above, below, over, under, on, next to, in front of, beside, behind, between, etc.)
  • Represent and duplicate simple repeating patterns using no more than 2 different objects and different actions in the core of the pattern*
  • Extend simple patterns of sound, movement, and concrete objects by predicting what comes next in a sequence of repeating elements
     

Carroll County Public Schools Video Support

 

Ways Parents Can Help

  • Ask your child to identify different shapes in your house. For example, have your child locate an object that looks like a square, a circle, a triangle, etc. Have your child compare the objects and discuss the attributes. For example, a plate if traced around makes a circle and that is round, a can of soup is a cylinder and it can roll.
  • Use positional words with your child and ask your child to use them too. (i.e. Put the fork beside the spoon. Put the napkin under the fork.
  • Play "Simon Says" with your child. Use direction words such as: above, below, over, under, on, next to, beside, and behind. Allow your child to give you directions for what to do.
  • Look for patterns and shapes in the world around you with your child.
  • Have your child make a pattern by using their hands and body. First, have them put their hands on their head and then their shoulders and then their knees. Have them repeat these motions three times to make a pattern. Allow your child to make up a movement pattern for you to perform.

Some Support Sites

Kids Doodle and Discovery - app

Shapes Toddler-Preschool - app

Geoboard: Math Learning Center - Apple app

 

Key Vocabulary to Know

Shape Words

Circle

Cone

Corners

Cube

Cylinder

Faces

Rectangle

Rolls

Round

Shape

Sides

Sphere

Square

Stacks

Straight

Triangle

Pattern Words

Copy

Core

Extend

Pattern

Repeat

Positional Words

Above

Behind

Below

Beside

Between

In front of

Next to

Over

On

Under