Fourth Grade Mathematics
Unit 7
Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers

Printable Parent Letter

During Unit 7, your child will apply their understanding of composing and decomposing fractions to develop a conceptual understanding of multiplying a fraction by a whole number.  Students also use and extend their previous understandings of multiplication with whole numbers and relate that understanding to fractions.

Students need to:

  • Interpret a multiplication equation as a comparison, e.g. interpret 35 = 5 x 7 as a statement that 35 is 5 times as many as 7 and 7 times as many as 5.  Represent verbal statements of multiplicative comparisons as multiplication equations. (This standard is addressed in this unit to include multiplication of fractions and apply the understanding of “times as much” to multiplying a fraction by a whole number.)
  • Understand a fraction a/b as a multiple of 1/b.  For example, use a visual fraction model to represent 5/4 as the product 5 x (1/4), recording the conclusion by the equation 5/4 = 5 x (1/4).  (Grade 4 expectations in this domain are limited to fractions with denominators 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 100.)
  • Understand a multiple of a/b as a multiple of 1/b, and use this understanding to multiply a fraction by a whole number.  (For example, use a visual fraction model to express 3 x (2/5) as 6 x (1/5), recognizing this product as 6/5.  In general, n x (a/b) = (n x a/b))
  • Solve word problems involving multiplication of a fraction by a whole number, e.g. by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. (For example, if each person at a party will eat 3/8 of a pound of roast beef, and there will be 5 people at the party, how many pounds of roast beef will be needed?  Between what two whole numbers does your answer lie?)

Carroll County Public Schools Video Support

Equiv Fractions Area Model
Generate Equivalent Fraction Using Area Models

Equiv Fractions Visuals
Generate Equivalent Fractions Using Visuals

Mult Whole and Fractions
Multipying Whole Numbers and Fractions

Mult Whole and Fractions Number Line
Multiplying Whole Numbers and Fractions

Ways Parents Can Help

Help your child to make real world connections to the multiplication of whole numbers and fractions when you can.  For example, when following a recipe that calls for ¾ a cup of something, have your child help you measure by using a ¼ measuring cup.  Have them figure out that they will need to use the ¼ measuring cup 3 times in order to have ¾.  In other words, 3 “groups of” ¼ cup equals ¾ cup, 3 x ¼ = ¾.

Some Support Sites



Key Vocabulary to Know

Associative property

Benchmark fraction






Mixed number


Multiplicative comparison



Unit fraction