### Basic Facts

 To Master Basic Math Facts:  Strategize, Then Memorize by Rinke and McAdam Parent Toolkit Link Nothing may be more feared in the minds of young children and their parents than learning the basic math facts. Just hearing the times tables takes many of us back to our own childhoods, staring at a blank page and trying to remember the dreaded 9 x 8 = 72. The good news is that our own children should not have to suffer the same fear. A substantial amount of mathematics education research shows that children do not master their math facts through memorization alone. Instead, true mastery comes from being equipped with quick and effective strategies for finding the solution. By using these strategies, children will always have the mental tools needed to find the correct answer and the confidence to use them. With a strategy-based approach to the basic math facts, children use what they already know to figure out what they don’t know. Rather than racking their brains to remember the answer to a basic math fact, they can simply find a “helping” fact and use it as a jumping- off point. For example, let’s say that your child knows the common fact 5 x 5 = 25. She can then add one more 5 to figure out that 6 x 5 = 30. Think of this as the “one more than” strategy. There are many such strategies that parents can teach their children in order to equip them with the tools they need to master all of their math facts. As a parent, remember that as long as your child can figure out an answer quickly in her head (in about 3 seconds or less), she has mastered the fact and can use it in meaningful ways as part of her daily life.
 Phases of Learning  Modeling Phase: Modeling and/or counting all or counting on to find the answer:  For example, using fingers to help keep track of their counts to solve 5+7=? Reasoning Phase: Deriving answers using reasoning strategies based on known facts, such a solving 5+7 by thinking, “Five plus five equals ten, and two more will make twelve.” Efficient Phase: Mastery or efficient production of answers.  For example, when asked, “What is 5 + 7?” a child might call out, “Twelve,” and explain, “I just knew it.”

 Some Websites for Home                 Visit  Parents.com,  Edutopia, and Numerosity in iTunes for some app ideas Addition and Multiplication

 Elementary Basic Facts by Grade Level Our goal has shifted from memorizing facts and procedures to increased understanding of the math strategies.  We will support student thinking by helping them see when certain strategies are applicable.  We begin with building the understanding of each strategy and then move to targeted practice while monitoring progress. The key is to help students see the possibilities and then help them chose the strategy that helps them get to the answer without counting.  Meaningful practice of strategies is a key part of developing fact fluency.  Fact Fluency Rationale and Background Document Kindergarten Addition and Subtraction within 20   Strategy Focus in K: County on 1 Count back 1 Add zero Subtract zero Kindergarten General Activities Fact Card Activities Equal Sign First Activities First Grade Addition and Subtraction within 20 Strategy Focus in 1st: Doubles Halves Make ten Subtract from ten Count on 2 Count back 2 Instructional Guide:  Add and Subtract 2 Instructional Guide:  Doubles and Halves Instructional Guide:  Make and Take From 10 Instructional Guide:  Differences of 1 and 2 Second Grade Addition and Subtraction within 20 Strategy Focus in 2nd: Using doubles Using halves Using ten  to add and subtract Third Grade Multiplication and Division to 100 Expectations Strategy Focus in 3rd: Skip counting Doubles Powers of 10 Properties Double double Add another set Double double double Quarter 1 Foundations Facts Multiplication   A  B  C Division  A  B  C Quarter 2 Building on Foundation Facts Multiplication  A  B  C  3 Sets Division  A  B  C  3 Sets Quarter 3 Building on Foundation Facts Multiplication A  B  C Division A  B  C Quarter 4 All Multiplication Division